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The Clone Wars (22 BBY;19 BBY), also known as the Clone War and the Great Clone War, was the name given to the major galactic conflict fought between the Galactic Republic and the Confederacy of Independent Systems. The war was named after the clone troopers utilized by the Republic against the battle droid forces of the CIS. These armies were two of the largest ever pitted against each other in galactic history, and the fighting between them rapidly spread to countless inhabited worlds. Both sides scored significant victories over the other, and at different times during the war either seemed likely to triumph. The death of Count Dooku and Grievous, coupled with the issue of Order 66 and the deactivation of the droid army brought an end to the fighting. At the time, it was the largest galactic conflict to date.
Although unknown to most of those involved in the conflict, it was started, maintained and eventually ended by the Sith Lord Darth Sidious, disguised as the Naboo senator Palpatine, whose ultimate goal was the transformation of the Republic into the Galactic Empire with him as Emperor as well as the eradication of the Jedi Order. The conflict would lead to the Sith controlling the dominant galactic government.
Apart from the founding of the Galactic Empire the destruction of the Jedi Order ranks among the most important political effects of the Clone Wars. With the execution of Order 66 the Jedi Order stopped being a political power. Its religious and philosophical influence also waned in the face of the rise of the New Order, many of its dogmas being challenged or even forgotten.
The Grand Army of the Republic transformed into the military of the Galactic Empire, giving the dominant galactic government the ships and means to defend the Galaxy from both interiour and exteriour threats and enforce the will of the Emperor on the systems under his rule.
The growing direct and centralized power of the Emperor caused the Senate's influence and power to wane, to the point of it being disbanded shortly before the Battle of Yavin.
The Clone Wars were not just fought by clone troopers and battle droids but by many soldiers on both sides as well, ranging from planetary militia to individual navies. When the war ended those among them who did not stay in or join the military often took the opportunity to use the training and experience they had gotten in the war for personal gains, hiring out as mercenaries, turning to piracy and other crimes, or working as bounty hunters - usually in the less controlled Outer Rim.
The war itself and the wide-spread destruction it left shook the Galaxy and its inhabitants to the point of not just allowing the formation of the Galactic Empire but also facilitating far-reaching changes in society such as Human High Culture.
Apart from the political repercussions various ships, vehicles, weapons and other gear developed during the Clone Wars are still in use during the Galactic Civil War. Much of it, sometimes referred to as "Clone Relics" or "Clone War relics" and surprisingly effective despite its age, found its way into civilian hands through military surplus sales or direct salvage.
Droids abandonned by the Trade Federation such as B1B Battle Droids, Droidekas and even Super Battle Droids were quickly claimed by by various organizations and individuals, and used for various means.
Some droid fighters were left functional and continued to operate, becoming a threat to civilian and even military shipping in some systems, like the Naboo System. The capital ships of the Trade Federations often ended up as drifting hulks, becoming havens for scavengers.
Military weapons used in the Clone Wars, such as the DC-15 rifles and carbines of the clone troopers, quickly became favorites of mercenaries, many of them former soldiers. Even the armor worn by clone troopers ended up in civilian hands quite often, remaining popular for decades as a cheap yet effective armor option.
Clone Wars vintage vehicles too became quite common throughout the Galaxy. AT-RT walkers, STAP-1 and BARC Speeders and even the AT-XT and the exotic Tsmeu-6 Personal Wheel Bike are used by civilians and soldiers alike. The Alliance to Restore the Republic in particular uses the AT-XT in large numbers during city sieges to break through enemy defense lines.
Many of the ships mass-produced during the Clone Wars became popular among pilots as well when they started to hit the civilian market. The ARC-170, the Y-Wing, the V-Wing and the Eta-2 Actis Interceptor see use in the Galactic Civil War in various roles still, as does the Belbullab-22.
There are several quests in game that allow the player to acquire clone war vintage gear and explore storylines related to the Clone Wars. Among the Clone Relics Quests are the Avenging Mort, which rewards you with Clone Armor, Boba's Quest, granting you a DC-15 carbine or rifle, Doing your Duty, which rewards you with an Eta-2 Actis Interceptor, and To the Queen's Aid, which grants an ARC-170 deed upon completion.
The planet Mustafar is full of quests related to the Clone Wars and many of its Points of Interest showcase remnants of that period. Kashyyyk too has several links to the Clone Wars in quests and locations.